Other Piracy

Theatrical Print Theft

Theft of a film print (35 or 16 mm) from a cinema, film depot, courier service or other industry-related facility for the purpose of making illegal copies is one of the most serious forms of copyright theft. This type of theft allows the pirate to make a high quality master copy, which then enables the mass duplication of further pirated copies. Fortunately, this type of theft is extremely rare due to the difficulty in stealing the prints and also in transferring the print to another format, such as digital media.


Signal Theft

Signal theft refers to the act of illegally tapping into cable TV systems as well as receiving satellite signals without authorization. In addition, copyright thieves have supplied consumers with illegal cable decoders or satellite descramblers. Internationally, the problem becomes more acute when programs not licensed to a particular country are stolen from satellites and then re-transmitted in that country either by cable or broadcast TV.


Broadcast Piracy

Like signal theft, broadcast piracy is copyright theft involving over-the-air broadcasts. However, instead of stealing signals, the illegal act may be the on-air broadcasting of films or television programs without permission from the copyright holder.


Public Performance

Unauthorized public performances include the showing by an institution or commercial establishment of a tape or film to an audience without the permission of the copyright owner. This includes public performances for which an admission fee is charged as well as those that are simply offered as an additional service of the establishment.